What Is Infertility?
According to the National Infertility Association, infertility is a medical condition of the reproductive system that results in the inability to conceive or carry a pregnancy to term. The condition is diagnosed by a physician, usually after a couple has had a year of unprotected, regular intercourse without conceiving, or when pregnancy occurs but does not result in a live birth.
Infertility can be due to factors in either the female or the male. 35-40% of the time the cause can be traced to the female partner, and 35-40% of the time infertility can be linked to the male partner. Sometimes conditions in both partners play a role. Other times the reason for infertility remains unknown.
- Impaired ovulation due to disease, infection, birth defects, or abnormal hormone production
- Blocked fallopian tubes from disease or scar tissue
- Inability of the uterus to hold the embryo (this may be due to a variety of reasons, including scar tissue on the walls of the uterus)
- Low sperm count
- High percent of abnormally shaped sperm
- High percent of sperm that are not moving forward
- Ejaculation dysfunction